Since the United Nations’ 2006 post-tsunami report, Key Propositions for Building Back Better, the phrase Build Back Better has become the mantra of post-disaster reconstruction. Not only can disasters be leveraged as opportunities for change and improvement, but the report recognizes the importance of having recovery efforts guided and led by those most affected.
COVID-19 has forced radical changes to our education system, providing an opening for real innovation and experimentation as part of addressing student needs during the crisis. While many are struggling to adapt to our new realities, I hope we never go back to the way things were before.
The pandemic exposed the profound inequity in our traditional factory-style education system, a model that has allowed 10 to 15% of students to fall through the cracks and get left behind—even during the best of times.
Who are these students?
They are the students who must manage adult responsibilities like caring for a child or sibling, or needing to work, and thus can’t attend school for eight hours a day, five days a week. They are students who have endured traumas like unstable foster care, homelessness, hunger, abuse, bullying, illness and even human trafficking. They need individualized attention and support in their learning.
One size doesn’t fit all in education, which is why we need a personalized learning model for each student. Learn4Life has proven that a flexible high school model works in healthy times, and especially during a pandemic. I hope that when we go back, we build back better for all our schools.
Let’s look at this as a helpful interruption to inadequate policies and practices that have gone largely unchallenged. We now have a chance to change policies that have long been harmful to disadvantaged students and their families. We have needed changes in education for a long time, and leaders must address them while there is a genuine sense of urgency.
Let’s build back better with these important steps.
Broaden access to technology to eliminate inequities. This crisis has exposed the extreme inequity in our school system. The most obvious is the digital divide that plagues low-income households. Basic laptops now cost below $200 (less than a semester of high school textbooks), so there is no excuse to not ensure a laptop for every student starting in kindergarten, loaded with the software and communications tools needed to compete with affluent peers and spark their imaginations about the world. The FCC needs to make basic internet service free to all households or homeless shelters with children of any age. Let’s build back better.
Adopt trauma-informed practices as standard. Many students and teachers are feeling the stress and grief from COVID-19. Even before this pandemic, schools primarily treated the behaviors associated with grief as discipline cases. When youth and adults act out in grief, with short tempers or by becoming withdrawn, we need leaders and counselors to recognize grief and respond through trauma-informed practices. In this crisis, we are seeing a warming of empathy and compassion in our communities. Let’s build back better.
Tailor instruction to each student. Students should progress from grade to grade based on their competence in the subject matter, not on how much time they sit in a classroom. Some students learn best in small groups, others with one-on-one tutoring or through experimentation. Others thrive in a classroom model or independently. Older students may not need to be on campus all day every day, preferring a university-like model. Let’s build back better.
Strengthen professional development for teachers. School districts must invest in online professional development for teachers and staff. We’ve demonstrated that we can learn and collaborate electronically. Let’s never go back to boring afternoons of administrators drilling staff with canned PowerPoint presentations. Technology enables us to have real-time and asynchronous training whenever it works for the workers. Let’s build back better.
Recognize so that school safety also means cleanliness and health. People need to feel safe in our schools. Building maintenance and cleanliness have often been given short shrift in our urban public schools. The elementary school my daughter attended was the best science magnet in Los Angeles, but the halls always smelled of urine and there was a school nurse only once a week. Without greater investment in sanitizing and physical safety, our families will be reluctant to send their children back and our schools and staff won’t want to teach there. Let’s build back better.
Reshape the financial structures of our school systems. Many of our schools were facing financial strains before this crisis. With the nation slipping into economic depression, by necessity, we will need to rethink and revise the financial structures of our school systems that have long been calcified into laws, regulations and union contracts. We may need more money, AND we will need to spend it differently based on new priorities that put students first and treat our educators as the professionals they are. Let’s build back better.
I am heartened by the humor of parents’ online posts becoming profoundly thankful for the important work our teachers do. The wellspring of academic creativity and sharing of resources inspire all of us that education really can become exciting and engaging again. Let’s make potions in the kitchen, learn executive functioning skills with Legos and see that special education can highlight the strength in different ways of knowing.
Dr. Caprice Young is responsible for leading the Learn4Life Schools, serving more than 20,000 students in more than 85 learning centers in California, Ohio and Michigan. Raised in a host foster family, she identifies with and has committed her life to supporting students whose needs exceed the scope of traditional public schools. In 1999, Dr. Young left her technology strategy job at IBM to serve ...