These traumatic events can include everything from psychological, physical or sexual abuse to serious accidents or life-threatening illness, community or school violence to witnessing or experiencing domestic violence.
Not only does experiencing this trauma impact behavior, but it also hampers a student’s ability to learn effectively.
Unfortunately, certain populations are at higher risk for experiencing trauma than others. Children who come from families that face economic stress, homeless youth, children of military and veteran families, those with intellectual and developmental disabilities and LGBTQ youth are all at a higher risk of experiencing trauma than their peers.
Ideally, the circumstances of one's birth shouldn't affect a child’s opportunity to succeed, both inside and outside the classroom. In this regard, teachers play a huge role in helping a child through trauma.
The first step is to recognize the signs of trauma in children. According to experts at Concordia University, these signs can include being easily startled, sudden changes in behavior, excessive temper or aggressive behavior, development of new fears, difficulty focusing and an inability to trust or make new friends. Once their trauma has been identified, educators can adapt their approaches to help the student in question to cope and thrive in the classroom.
Though it’s no easy feat, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution to the problem at hand, there are strategies teachers and administrators can use to help children work through their trauma.
First, it’s important that children are in an environment that makes them feel secure. This can involve creating smooth transitions between activities so as to avoid potential triggers that put children on edge. It’s also important that teachers employ a kind of teaching where accomplishments are celebrated publicly, and critiques happen privately. Children who have experienced repeated trauma are often sensitive to being reprimanded, so sensitivity in this area is particularly important. Furthermore, implementing mindfulness in the classroom can also teach students new coping skills that will help them not only in the classroom, but in real life as well. As Joyce Dorado, Ph.D. notes, “Mindfulness is a fabulous tool for counteracting the impact of trauma.”
Furthermore, it’s important that students are made to feel safe and accepted in their classroom.
“The more the teacher can do to make the child less anxious and have the child focus on the task at hand, the better the performance you are going to see out of that child. There is a direct connection between lowering stress and academic outcomes.”
Educators play an important role in shaping a child’s life, and therefore should be adequately equipped to help children who have faced trauma. However, in doing so, educators must not overlook their own mental and emotional well-being. After all, it is impossible to help others who are struggling without looking after oneself first.
Jori Hamilton is a writer and journalist from the Pacific Northwest who covers social justice issues, health care and politics. You can follow her work on Twitter @HamiltonJori, through her portfolio or through her LinkedIn.