Now Is the Time to Remake Our Schools With Equity in Mind

Jul 15, 2020 6:33:00 AM


This week, the school reopening conversation is largely about when we reopen schools. Some people, including our president, want schools to reopen widely, as soon as possible. That position is getting a lot of pushback from folks who cite public health concerns. For them, we reopen schools when community spread is controlled and schools have adequate safety measures in place like masks, distancing, hand sanitizer and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for teachers.

This huge debate is vital to ensure the safety of children, their teachers and parents, and whole communities. Yet, [pullquote]when it comes to actually improving equity and educational quality for young people, this current debate misses the whole point.[/pullquote] It views the COVID school closures and impending “reopening”—of whatever kind—as an obstacle to be overcome in a system that’s generally going to continue to operate as close as possible to the way it did before.

If we continue to focus on “getting back to normal,” or as close to “normal,” as quickly as possible, [pullquote position="right"]marginalized children will continue to be marginalized.[/pullquote] Last spring, due to the pandemic, we pressed pause on school as we knew it. We now anticipate a 2020-21 school year that will look very different from pre-closure education and will include distance learning for many students for at least some of the time.

What if, instead of focusing on “getting back to normal,” we thought of this July as a transformative opportunity, as a “do-over” for schools across the nation. What if we seized the incredible opportunity now before us to re-open in a whole new way?

In fact, that is already starting to happen.

In the past six weeks, in response to demands from young people and their communities, great victories for police-free schools have occurred in districts all over the country, including: Minneapolis MN, Portland OR, Denver CO, Charlottesville VA, Rochester NY, Columbus OH, Milwaukee and Madison WI, San Francisco, Oakland and Sacramento CA, and Portland ME, among others.

Why is this happening now?

Like policing in the U.S., our PreK-to-12 education systems are infused with racism and “zero tolerance” approaches to controlling behavior. If you’re Black, you no doubt understand this. If you’re White and you haven’t been living under a rock for the past six weeks, you’ve got at least some awareness of the racism in policing. 

So let’s look at the racism in school discipline. For starters, consider the following:

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GAO 2018 Discipline Disparities for Black Students, Boys, and Students with Disabilities

During the latest school year for which we have data available, over 290,600 students were referred to law enforcement agencies or arrested. Schools with SROs have higher arrest rates, especially for disorderly conduct:

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Also consider restraints: according to federal data (which is vastly under-reported), nearly 87,000 students were subjected to physical or mechanical restraints in the most recent year of data; and restraints disproportionately impacted Black students (27% of students restrained) and students with disabilities (71% of students restrained). A recent ProPublica investigation of the use of restraint and seclusion in Illinois has sparked a movement to outlaw the practice, but for now prone restraints will be legal for at least another school year. 

The heavy use of law enforcement in schools drains money from other investments that could more effectively reduce disciplinary incidents. For example, according to CRDC data, 1.6 million students attend a school with a sworn law enforcement officer, but not a school counselor. 

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The Advancement Project report: We Came to Learn (2018) 

[pullquote]When it comes to justice and supporting our students, our schools clearly need a “do-over.”[/pullquote] What if our schools could transform, in reopening, to be creators of:

  • True equity. What if we gave students experiencing the greatest challenges in learning and in their lives the deepest supports? What if that meant they got first access to safe, in-person education, even if that meant more privileged students did not? What if those students got first dibs on the highest quality and largest numbers of teachers, counselors, social workers, curriculum, materials, technology, etc.? With on-line education, connecting the best educators with the students who need them most is easier ... And what if all of these students got school meals?
  • True justice. What if all schools became police-free sanctuaries? What if all school staff saw behavior challenges as the cry for help and need for learning that they are? What if adults had the training, time and space to determine the causes and traumas underlying such behaviors? What if they could address those causes and traumas through a learning approach, not a control approach, with the student? What if all schools had full access to culturally-appropriate restorative, PBIS, empathic discipline and SEL approaches? What if schools could fully implement the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act? What if exclusion, restraints and punishment were deployed extremely rarely, only in situations posing significant risk of immediate and serious bodily harm?
  • True family and student engagement. After all, online learning will clearly be at least a key part of education in the new school year, so the family is even more essential to student success than ever before. What if schools connected more deeply with families? And what if we offered students engaging, inclusive, and relevant curriculum and materials? The Education Civil Rights Alliance offers Educator Resource Lists for race equity and immigrant student equity. And ECRA’s award-winning educators—the fourteen Leading Educator Ambassadors for Equity—are among those leading the way in calling for racial justice in education.

I know this transformation would require more resources ASAP, which the U.S. Senate should consider in the coming weeks; all of us need to ensure the federal education funding in that package is of sufficient size, with maximum needs-based targeting, and with no waivers of students’ rights or public health. And [pullquote]we need to fight to ensure COVID-induced state and local budget woes do not result in state and local education cuts—especially for the most marginalized students.[/pullquote]

I do not underestimate the extent to which this do-over would also take a major shift in mindset and a lot of work from education professionals at all levels. But at this moment in time, racial justice is at the forefront, and many districts are already planning for major shifts in what elementary and secondary education will look like in the upcoming school year. Let us all do everything we can to make this month embody the school transformation that all of our students—and our future nation—need and deserve.

Miriam Rollin

Miriam A. Rollin, J.D. directs the national Education Civil Rights Alliance and serves as an attorney for the National Center for Youth Law.

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